Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


A.Y. Credits
2017/2018 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Stefano Papa Wednesday 11-13
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Biological Sciences (L-13)
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course in the three years includes a series of biological materials suitable to obtain a concrete framework of the techniques and methods applied to the morphological analysis of different human body systems. In this sense, after a first  cytological framework (first part of the form "Cytoistology and Cytometry"), in order to frame the "sample" for the morphological instrumental analysis, this module addresses issues related to the different tissues of the body to frame her second level of organization. The course has a section devoted to the laboratory of Histology in order to give the students the tools for a careful morphological analysis prepared for light microscopy. The argument is strategic for the correct preparation for automated cell analysis, static and dynamic that will be treated in masterful. The last part of microscopic anatomy, as the third level of the human body's structural organization, gives a simple introduction to the next chapter done in "Human Anatomy", introducing the next level of cellular organization as a framework to organ level.


Cytology II

1. Nucleus functions  9.1  Cell cycle: RNA transcription, DNA replication , mitosis 9.2 Meiosis and sexual reproduction.

 2. Overview of apoptosis


 1 . Epithelial tissue :  1.1 Epithelial cell features 1.2 Classification of epithelia

2. Glandular epithelia 2.1 Origin and differentiation of glands 2.2 Exocrine glands: mode of secretion , classification criteria, classification, examples 2.3 Endocrine glands : structural organization and ultra-structural signs, classification. 

 3 . Mesenchymal origin tessues 3.1 Extracellular matrix organization 3.2 Cellular components

 4 . Connective tissues  4.1 Mesenchyme  4.2 Fibrillar connective tissue  4.3 Elastic connective tissue  4.4 Reticular connective tissue  4.5 Adipose tissue

 5 . Cartilage 5.1 Hyaline cartilage and its varieties  5.2 Elastic cartilage 5.3 Fibrous cartilage

 6.  Bone tissue . 6.1 Bone tissue cells; organization of spongy and compact bone, direct and indirect ossification; remodeling. 6.2 Acellular bone tissue : dentin and cement.

 7 . Blood and 7.1 Blood: plasma and cells. Some hematopoiesis notices 7.2 Lymph

 8 . Muscle tissue 8.1 Striated skeletal muscle 8.2 Striated cardiac muscle  8.3 Smooth muscle 8.4 Histogenesis and regeneration

Microscopic Anatomy

1.  Topography and function of the pituitary gland , thyroid and parathyroid , adrenal , gonads , endocrine pancreas .

2.  Nervous tissue 2.1 Neurons  2.2 Neuroglia 2.3 Nerve fibers 2.4 Synapse 2.5 Cortex

Bridging Courses

Microscopy and Cytometry module

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

The student must show mastery of basic knowledge about the techniques for the for morphological analysis of Histologic and microscopic anatomy preparations analysis.

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the different degrees of human body organization both at the level of tissues and microscopic anatomical organization identifying the strengths of this analysis and the critical issues relating to the sample preparation process.

The student will finally show the possession of the ability to use the concepts and knowledge acquired proving to reason according to the specific logic of the discipline. In the practical part he will have to prove to be able to identify the specimen.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

The teaching material made available by the lecturer can be found, together with other supporting activities, inside the Moodle platform

Suggested book: 

Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment


Lectures and exercises


Class attendance is recommended

Course books


Authors: N.M. Maraldi and C. Tacchetti

First Edition, Edi. Ermes, 2016

Atlante Interattivo di ANATOMIA MICROSCOPICA

Authors: Adriana R. Mariani, Brunella Baratta, Andrea Ferruzzi

CIC Edizioni INternazionali 


Student assessment will take place with a dual multiple choice test at the beginning and at the end of the course

The final exam is oral

Disability and Specific Learning Disorders (SLD)

Students who have registered their disability certification or SLD certification with the Inclusion and Right to Study Office can request to use conceptual maps (for keywords) during exams.

To this end, it is necessary to send the maps, two weeks before the exam date, to the course instructor, who will verify their compliance with the university guidelines and may request modifications.

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