GENERAL HYGIENE mutuato
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Course with optional materials in a foreign language
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.
Assigned to the Degree Course
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The course aims to provide students with knowledge about the prevention of human health. They will take into account the factors of health, risk factors and causes of disease in the living environment with particular reference to all vehicles and carriers of infectious diseases.
Hygiene and Public Health
1. General elements of epidemiology and epidemiological methodology
-demography and health statistics aimed at epidemiological study;
-meaning of some demographic indicators and health (es.morbosità, incidence, prevalence, mortality, lethality, etc.);
-risk assessment: absolute, relative, attributable, Odds ratio.
Epidemiology of infectious and parasitic diseases
-modes of transmission;
-modes of occurrence in the population.
-tools of molecular epidemiology
-genetic testing screening.
Epidemiology of chronic diseases
-causes and causal factors;
2. Prevention of diseases and health promotion
-primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
Prevention of infectious diseases
-sterilization and disinfection;
-asepsis and antisepsis;
-mandatory vaccinations for the entire population and selective;
-schedule of vaccinations.
serum-immunoprophylaxis (immunoglobulins and immune sera).
-adaptive or acquired immunity
4. Etiology, epidemiology and immunoprophylaxis of the following infectious diseases
5. Environmental Hygiene
-chemical, physical and biological agents of pollution;
-diseases related to buildings.
Water pollution and public health
-sources, contaminants and health effects;
-judgment of drinking water;
-water purification systems.
-drinking and mineral waters
6. International Health Organization and National Health Service (S.S.N)
Basics of biology, anatomy, microbiology.
Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)
D1-Knowledge and understanding
The student must be able to illustrate the principles of Hygiene general, the factors that affect the health of individuals and communities, sanitation standards and methods of prevention in order to understand and identify the activities of prevention and health promotion .
D2 -Applying knowledge and understanding
The student will apply his knowledge to measure and quantify pathological events and risk factors, and those factors that have a positive and protective effect on health. The knowledge gained will also aim to enable the performance of the role of health educator with the public, in particular as regards the information on the application of the methods of primary prevention.
The student must be able to critically analyze the content of all methodologies for the prevention of diseases of various kinds, showing the ability to interpret the results of epidemiological studies and to be able to propose appropriate preventive interventions.
The student will be able to express themselves clearly and with appropriate terms and will communicate the message of education and health promotion clearly and correctly so that this message gets internalized to be an engine of change.
The student will be able to build its growth paths and scientific knowledge critically and independently, being able to properly use the available databases.
The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it
Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment
The educational tools used for the development of such knowledge are represented by lectures and seminars on topics agreed with students.
- Course books
-Barbuti, Bellelli et al.: Igiene e Medicina preventiva (volumi I e II ultima edizione), Monduzzi editore, Bologna
-Meloni, Pellissero: Igiene, Casa editrice Ambrosiana, Milano
The final exam will be oral and will aim to test the knowledge acquired; It will assess also the ability to relate the various topics of the course (descriptors 1 and 2), communication skills (descriptor 4) and the ability to solve practical problems (3 and 5).
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