Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


ANIMAL BIOLOGY
BIOLOGIA ANIMALE

ANIMAL BIOLOGY
Biologia animale

A.Y. Credits
2015/2016 8
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Maria Balsamo

Assigned to the Degree Course

Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course aims at providing students with basic information on the structure and biology of the animal organism and a general picture of animal biodiversity with special reference to the Italian and Mediterranean fauna. These topics as well as the theme of interrelations between animals and environment are treated from an evolutionary point of view. The course includes practical activities in laboratory, field trips and visits to Museums and Aquarium.
 

Program

Kingdoms of living organisms. Prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Structure and physiology of the eukaryotic cell. Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis. Significance and evolution of mitosis and meiosis in the animal cell. Chromosomal and molecular bases of heredity. Concepts of species and biological evolution. Microevolution: variability, natural selection, genetic drift, law of Hardy-Weinberg. Macroevolution: speciation and extinction of species. Mass extinctions. Notions of the theory of natural selection from Darwin up today. Shape and functions of the organism-cell in Protista and of cells of the animal body. Body dimensions e symmetry. Support. Movement and locomotion. Nutrition and digestion. Respiration, osmoregulation and excretion in the aquatic and terrestrial environment. Circulation. Homeostasis. Evolution of the nervous system in animals. Types of receptors. Notions of the hormonal coordination. Sexuality and reproduction in Protista and Animalia. Adaptive significance of the asexual and sexual  reproduction in Protista and Animalia. Regeneration. Gonads: gametes, gametogenesis and modalities of fertilization. Parthenogenesis. Genotypic  and phenotypic sex determination. Embryonic development: radial and spiral cleavage, direct and indirect development. Neoteny.
Diversity of animal life. Fundamentals of biological systematics: taxa and categories. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Classification and phylogeny. Regnum Protista: ground plan, biology, reproduction and ecology of Sarcomastigophora, Apicomplexa e Ciliophora. Biological cycles of main protozoan infesting humans and animals. Regnum Animalia: origin of the pluricellular condition. Ground plan, biology, reproduction, ecology and phylogenetic position of the major animal phyla. Porifera. General features and biological cycle of Cnidaria. Platyhelminthes: general features. Trematoda and Cestoda: life cycle of the main human and animal parasites. Rotifera and Nematoda: general features. Biological cycle of the most important Nematode species parasiting humans and animals. Origin and function of body cavities. Mollusca: adaptations of the various classes, ecology of the most common Italian species. Annelida: metamery and adaptations. Reproduction, ecology and phylogeny. Arthropoda: origin and principal evolutionary lines. Chelicerata: general features. Arachnida (Scorpiones, Araneidae, Acarina). Crustacea: general features. Malacostraca: ecology of the most common Italian species. Chilopoda and Diplopoda. Hexapoda: general features. Main orders of Pterygota and identification of some common Italian species.  Examples of insects infesting man and domestic animals. Echinodermata: ground plan, biology, ecology of species common in Italy. Chordata: origin and evolution. Diagnostic characteristics of the classes of Vertebrata and their phylogenetic relationships. Animals and environment. Intraspecific and interspecific relationships. Interrelations between animals and their habitat. Concepts of  biological community, ecological community, habitat, ecosystem, trophic chain, ecological niche, biosphere. Elements of zoogeography. Significance and types of areal. Mechanisms of dispersion of animal species.
** Only some of the programme topics mentioned will be taught in English.

Bridging Courses

None

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge of the structural and functional bases of the animal organism. Acquisition of competence in identifying the main animal groups and correlating the aspects of general and functional biology with adaptations to various habitat.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

Practical activities in laboratory, observations in the field,  screening of scientific videos, organization of conferences on specific naturalistic topics.


Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Didactics

Class lessons, guided laboratory activities, field trips

Attendance

No obligation.  The participation to laboratory activities is recommended.
 

Course books

Course texts

De Bernardi et al. (2012) Zoologia. Idelson-Gnocchi Ed., Napoli( Vol. 1 Parte sistematica; Vol. 2 Parte generale).

oppure

Reece et al. (2015) Campbell - La forma e la funzione negli animali/ Meccanismi dell'evoluzione e origini della diversità.  Pearson Italia, Milano.

Reference texts

Pough et al. (2014) Zoologia dei Vertebrati. Pearson Italia, Milano-Torino. 

Reece et al. (2015) Campbell - Biologia e Genetica. Pearson Italia, Milano.


 

Assessment

Oral exam and practical test of identification of zoological specimens.
 

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Didactics

Teaching material available on-line

Attendance

No obligation. Consultation of zoological specimens as a support for textbook study is recommended.

Course books

Course texts

De Bernardi et al. (2012) Zoologia. Idelson-Gnocchi Ed., Napoli( Vol. 1 Parte sistematica; Vol. 2 Parte generale).

or alternatively:

Reece et al. (2015) Campbell - La forma e la funzione negli animali/ Meccanismi dell'evoluzione e origini della diversità.  Pearson Italia, Milano.

Reference texts

Pough et al. (2014) Zoologia dei Vertebrati. Pearson Italia, Milano-Torino. 

Reece et al. (2015) Campbell - Biologia e Genetica. Pearson Italia, Milano.


 


Assessment

Oral exam and practical test of identification of zoological specimens.

Notes

It is strongly recommended to examine zoological material, both macroscopical and microscopical, concerning the topics of the course, and available at the Didactic Biological Laboratory of Urbino University at the Scientific Campus as well as in Museum and  other University collections.
 

« back Last update: 13/10/2015

Condividi


Questo contenuto ha risposto alla tua domanda?


Il tuo feedback è importante

Raccontaci la tua esperienza e aiutaci a migliorare questa pagina.

Se sei vittima di violenza o stalking chiama il 1522

Il 1522 è un servizio pubblico promosso dalla Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri – Dipartimento per le Pari Opportunità. Il numero, gratuito è attivo 24 h su 24, accoglie con operatrici specializzate le richieste di aiuto e sostegno delle vittime di violenza e stalking.

Posta elettronica certificata

amministrazione@uniurb.legalmail.it

Social

Performance della pagina

Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo
Via Aurelio Saffi, 2 – 61029 Urbino PU – IT
Partita IVA 00448830414 – Codice Fiscale 82002850418
2021 © Tutti i diritti sono riservati

Top