Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


A.Y. Credits
2016/2017 8
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Elisabetta Righini

Assigned to the Degree Course

Economics and management (L-18)
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course aims to provide students with the concepts and theoretical basis necessary for understanding :  the basic legal and economic sectors , with particular reference to private commercial enterprise , both individually and combined ; the norms and national and EU systems concerning the economic and business activities , the legal regime of functioning of markets and the rules governing the activities of economic actors , individual and collective; the purposes , contexts and effects of policies of law and economic policy with special reference to the activities of private commercial enterprises


part I
1.1 Introduction
2.1 The entrepreneur
2.2 The categories of entrepreneurs
A. Agricultural Entrepreneur and Commercial Entrepreneur
B. Small business owner. Family business
C. Collective enterprise. public enterprise
2.3 The purchase of the entrepreneur quality
A. The charge of the business
B. Starting  and ending of the business
C. Capacity and enterprise
2.4 The commercial entrepreneur's statute
A. Legal disclosure
B. Accounting records
C. The commercial representation
2.5 The establishment
2.6 The distinguishing signs
A. The firm
B. The trade mark
C. The signboard
2.7 Intellectual property rights. industrial inventions
A. Copyright
B. The industrial inventions
C. Industrial models
2.8 Competition law
A. The anti-monopoly legislation
B. The Restraints of Competition
C. Unfair competition
2.9 Consortia between entrepreneurs

1.1 The bank contracts
1.2 Financial intermediation
1.3 Securities brokerage
A. Investment services
B. Investment funds
C. Public offerings of securities
2.1 Securities market and stock market contracts
3.1 The insurance contract
4.1 The joint venture
5.1 Debt securities in general
6.1 The promissory note
6.2 The Bank Draft
6.3 The Bank Draft

7.1 The company's crisis: bankruptcy and other insolvency procedures

part II
1.1 Companies
A. The notion of society
B. The types of companies
1.2 The simple society. The general partnership
1.3 The limited partnership
1.4 The corporation
A. The Constitution
B. Contributions
1.5 The shares and other financial instruments
1.6 Significant investments
1.7 The governing bodies
A. The assembly
B. Directors and Management Systems: traditional, dualistic, monistic
C. The board of auditors and the audit body
1.8 External controls
1.9 The financial statements
1.10 Changes to the charter
11.1 Bonds
12.1 Individual rights of the shareholder
1:13 Groups of companies
1.14 The company limited by shares
1.15 The limited liability company
16.1 The dissolution of limited liability companies
1.17 Transformation. Mergers and demergers
A. The transformation
B. The fusion
C. The splitting
18.1 The cooperative society

Bridging Courses

To take the exam in Commercial law, the student must comply with the general prerequisites so to take the exams of the second and subsequent years he/she must have acquired at least thirty credits relating to matters of the 1st year.

Moreover, as part of the prerequisites provided for the different disciplines in the degree program , you can not take the examination of commercial law without having passed the exam of Private Law Institutions

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge and understanding:

    at the end of the course students should have acquired the knowledge and skills relating to the understanding of national legal rules governing the conduct of business, with reference to both individual and corporate business, and of legal operation of market discipline, also with reference to the consequences in terms of legal policies and economic policy of these regulations.

The acquisition of the above requirements will be verified in the following ways: intermediate tests and final exams of each course;

    Applying knowledge and understanding: students need to be able to appropriately and flexibly apply their knowledge in order to interpret and apply the rules on the conduct of business on national legal basis , with references also with the UE and international legal system, together with the ability to understand the functioning of markets and the behavior of the agents, as well as to relate the system of rules with the functioning of economic systems.

They will also gain the ability to access, including through databases, understand and use the sources of the case law, and the basic ability to develop legal documents in the context of negotiation, both extrajudicial and judicial.

The acquisition of the above requirements will be through exercises and interim tests and final exams of the single courses.

- Making judgements: students must have the ability to elaborate integrated schemes using the knowledge acquired during the course and to confront complex problems independently and with their own judgment Specifically, this autonomy of judgment will have to be expressed  through the acquisition of interpretative skills, case studies and qualification of the relationship between the facts of reality and legal case analysis, in order to be able to identify, represent and solve problems of protection of the rights and of interindividual and collective conflict resolution, even to produce legal texts, negotiations, litigation that are clear, relevant and effective. The methods of educational work in which these results will be achieved will consist of: lectures and possible seminars.

- Communicative skills: Students should acquire a clear and effective communication skills, thanks to a good grasp of vocabulary related to the topics covered during the course. In particular, with reference to the course of Commercial Law they will gain ability to describe and deepen the legal problems in the relationship both with operators and professional subjects, with potential customers or interested parties. They must also possess the ability to illustrate the logical-legal paths that lead to the solution of theoretical problems, as well as influencing skills and arguments exposure, even during discussions with other qualified entities. The methods of educational work in which these results will be achieved will consist of lectures, with possible seminars.

- Ability to learn (learning skills): Students must have developed good learning skills that enable them to deepen the knowledge acquired during the course for addressing the following courses of study and acquire new knowledge, skills and abilities through professional and work experience. In particular, with reference to the course of commercial law, they shall have to acquire skills and basic tools for the constant updating of their skills; ability to understand the complexity of the legal phenomenon; ability to independently follow the evolution of the living law . The methods of educational work in which these results will be achieved principally will consist of lectures, with possible seminars.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment


The course uses mainly the teaching methods of lectures. Seminars on specific topics may be however be scheduled during the course

Course books

Educational materials and support activities:

The educational material provided by the teacher is available, along with other support activities within the Moodle> blended.uniurb.it platform

Recommended study texts:

1.G.F. CAMPOBASSO, Manuale di Diritto commerciale, UTET, latest edition

2.Educational material provided by the teacher available, along with other support activities within the Moodle> blended.uniurb.it platform

The study of the manuals will have to be accompanied by consultation of the civil code in an updated edition.


The evaluation will be through oral examination in order to ascertain the language skills and communication skills of the student, with particular reference to the correct acquisition of the appropriate legal language and argumentative skills.

However, students who attend the course will have the opportunity to choose whether to replace the oral exam with two written tests on each of the two different parts of the program (Part I and Part II as shown above in the section devoted to the course plan). Each written test will consist in a first part comprising 30 multiple choice questions (to be answered in a 30-minute time) and relevant for the acquisition of basic knowledge about each part of the program, and a second part with 4 short open questions, to which must be answered in a total time of 20 minutes. Through the open-ended questions will be given proof that the student has acquired full mastery of the concepts covered in the course and that he/she  is able to present their arguments in a rigorous but concise and limited in time way, using appropriate language and identifying the elements essential for exposure.

The overall assessment of the student's level of preparation will be made taking into account the assessment of each individual section of the examination

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Course books

Individual study of exam texts mentioned above and of the material on the blended platform


The evaluation of non-attending students is exclusively via the oral examination, in order to ascertain the language skills and communication skills of the student, with particular reference to the correct acquisition of the appropriate legal language and argumentative skills.

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