Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA

A.Y. Credits
2018/2019 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Raffaella Santi By appointment (Palazzo Albani, via Bramante 17, II floor).
Teaching in foreign languages
Course partially taught in a foreign language English
This course is taught partially in Italian and partially in a foreign language. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Clinical Psychology (LM-51)
Curriculum: COMUNE
Giorno Orario Aula
Giorno Orario Aula

Learning Objectives

General Objective: the course is aimed at providing the historical-critical tools required to know and understand the fundamental stages of the development of scientific thought, from antiquity to the 17th  century, historically contextualizing but also knowing how to evaluate the durable impact on the techno-scientific mindset of man today. Furthermore, it also aims to refine the philological-hermeneutic competences required for analyzing classical texts such as those of Platone and Galen, observing the most important theoretical aspects and comparing them to those of other authors.

Specific objectives:

1. to be able to understand the specific vocabulary of the discipline on a specialistic level;

2. to acquire full awareness of the historical development of the philosophy of science;

3. to acquire knowledge and awareness of the epistemological complexity of the different theories taken into account;

4. to understand, in a general sense, what associates and what differentiates ancient and medieval thought from modern thought;

5. to know how to read and understand a philosophical-scientific text;

6. to know how to historically contextualize the text examined;

7. to be able to interpret and analyze the text in question on a specialistic level, identifying the underlying theories and arguments used by the author to support them;

8. to know how to compare the text in question with other related texts, identifying similarities and differences in theories and topics;

9. to be able to recognize any incongruity and inconsistency in the argumentative flow and in the ideas expressed by the author;

10. to be able to reason in a transdisciplinary sense, passing from philosophy to medicine and from this to psychology and vice versa; 

11. to know how to formulate an autonomous opinion on the theories that emerged from the analysis of the text and whether they have a significance or not in today’s world.

Program

The course focuses on the reading and comment of some classical texts written by Plato and Galen, observing their influence on subsequent theories untill the 17th century; moreover, it goes deeper into the semantic meaning of key concepts such as "psyche", "soma / body", "medicine", "therapy" and "cure"; specifically:

1. the birth of philosophy and medicine in ancient greece;

2. The Corpus hippocraticum

3. Plato's physiology in the Timaeus (reading and commenting the text);

4. Aristotle and his vision with the heart at the centre;

5. Galen's De indolentia / Avoiding distress (reading and commenting the text);

6. Galenism untill the Renaissance;

7. Jean Fernel and his Physiology;

8. Galen's critics and followers during the 17th century (Harvey, Descartes and Hobbes).

Bridging Courses

None.

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

1. Knowledge and the ability to comprehend: to have acquired, on a specialistic level, the content foreseen by the program, understanding the fundamental lines and the particular aspects, even in a comparative perspective.

2. Application of knowledge and the ability to understand: know how to apply the concepts, ideas, theories and methodologies learned, even in contexts other than the original one; to be able to also extend across a transdisciplinary level.

3. Autonomy of judgments: reflecting and thinking about the various contents learned, developing a critical, autonomous, and flexible thought; being “open-minded”: open to the complexity of what is real, with an exploratory and investigative attitude; being able to question the theories of others and also one’s own.

4. Communicative skills: to demonstrate that we have acquired a mastery of the vocabulary of discipline and to know how to use it within a speech that is internally coherent and logically structured, according to a correct sequence of topics; the argumentative capacity must be in the use of analysis and synthesis, of inductive and deductive processes, as well as in the application of rhetorical techniques, up to the remodulation of the subject according to the supposed interlocutor.

5. Learning skills: knowing how to use complementary resources available in addition to study texts – the materials entered by the lecturer in the Moodle platform, but also search engines on the web, bibliographic tools, etc. – to create a personal in-depth course.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

Seminars.

Materials published in the e-platform Moodle: blended.uniurb.it


Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Didactics

Traditional lectures; however, students will be engaged as often as possible.

Attendance

It's not compulsory.

Course books

1. David Oldroyd, Storia della filosofia della scienza. Da Platone a Popper, Net, Milano 2002: only pages 1-132.

2. Stephen Shapin, La rivoluzione scientifica, Einaudi, Torino 2003 (all).

3. Thomas Hobbes, Leviatano, a cura di Arrigo Pacchi, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2011 (or previous editions): only Chapters I-XXXI.

Assessment

Oral exam.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Didactics

Didactic materials available on the Moodle platform (see above).

Attendance

It's not compulsory.

Course books

1. David Oldroyd, Storia della filosofia della scienza. Da Platone a Popper, Net, Milano 2002: only pages 1-132.

2. Stephen Shapin, La rivoluzione scientifica, Einaudi, Torino 2003 (all).

3. Thomas Hobbes, Leviatano, a cura di Arrigo Pacchi, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2011 (or previous editions): only Chapters I-XXXI.

Assessment

Oral exam.

Notes

For the oral exam students are free to choose their preferred language: Italian, English or French.

« back Last update: 13/05/19

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