Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


HISTORY OF ITALIAN LAW
STORIA DEL DIRITTO ITALIANO

A.Y. Credits
2020/2021 10
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Maria Morello For undergraduates, in presence, by appointment by e-mail; for all students, online via meet or skype, - always by appointment by e-mail

Assigned to the Degree Course

Law (LMG/01)
Curriculum: Percorso comune
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

General Part

The course is aimed at providing students with knowledge of the evolution of ordinances, procedures and legal doctrine in the West from the classical centuries of common law (12th-16th century) to the European coding experiences of the late nineteenth century. Other objectives, no less important, are:

1) to illustrate the sources of Italian law from the end of the political and legal unit of Italy due to the Lombard invasion, to the modern age; 2) to study the history of the legal systems that characterized the legal pluralism in Europe and Italy, especially with regard to the history of the exercise of the legislative power;.

Special Part

The second part of the course will focus on the following topics:

1) the relationship between the history of law and the forms of production, with particular reference to the work organization in artisan workshops between the 13th and 15th centuries;

2) the history of commercial capitalism;

2) direct interventions by absolute power, consisting of authoritarian measures aimed at limiting adjudications and citations in judgments, the opiniones of lawyers;

4) the right contribution and the principle of contribution capacity in its graft in the constitutional texts.

Program

The programme consists of a general first part (30 hours) which aims to introduce the student to a critical study of the history of law and a more specific (30 hours) study, aimed at the development of issues that lead to a better understanding of existing law.

First Part

Justinian's Compilation. The Church as a universal institution. The early medieval’s legal culture: the survival of the Justinian's texts. The school of glossators. Graziano's Decretum. The Corpus iuris canonici. The Regnum Siciliae. Attention to the iura propria. The age of the commentary and the commentators. Legal humanism. L'usus modernus pandectarum. The school in Salamanca. The ancient regime’s right. The codification of the law in Europe and Italy. The constitutional systems.

Second Part

The crisis of the Common Law: the problem of citations. Historical development of commercial capitalism.  The organization of work in artisan workshops between the 13th and 15th centuries. The doctrine of the right contribution from Thomas Aquina to the first modern constitutions

Bridging Courses

NO

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge and understanding

The student acquires the fundamental legal skills and knowledge of the historical dimension of the law, as a social and economic experience, and the function of the legal historiography, as an instrument to criticize the actual legislation.

Applying Knowledge and understanding

The student is able to contextualize and understand the main legal institutions; and to show a detailed knowledge of the history of law, and the ability to use the Sources of law and jurisprudence.

Making Judgements

The student will have to demonstrate the ability to possess sufficient cultural tools to identify the internal problems of the Italian and European historical-legal evolution, which will allow him to reflect and make judgments, on the social and ethical responsibilities that this evolution entails.

Communication skills

The student will have to demonstrate the possession of adequate basic terminology skills necessary for the continuation of the study in increasingly articulated forms, communicating the acquired knowledge in a clear and scientifically correct manner.

Learning Skills

The student will have to rationally and fully organize the legal notions in a cultural framework composed of numerous variables not only cultural, but also socio-economic, proceeding with autonomy of judgment and integrating the preparation with personal and critical inputs and proving to be able to proceed in the study with a high degree of autonomy.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

None


Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Teaching

The teaching material prepared by the teacher in addition to the recommended texts (such as slides, handouts, exercises, bibliography) and teaching-specific teacher communications can be found within the Moodle platform blended.uniurb.it

Attendance

NO

Course books

A - General Part

AA.VV., Tempi del diritto. Età medievale, moderna, contemporanea, Giappichelli Editore, Seconda edizione, Torino 2018.

B - Special Part

1. (*) M. MORELLO, Etica del cittadino e obbligo tributario. La dottrina della giusta contribuzione da Tommaso d’Aquino alle prime costituzioni moderne, in Historia et ius – 17/2020, paper 12, pp. 1-41.
2. (*) M. MORELLO, Il problema delle citazioni nella crisi del diritto comune. Interventi a carattere antigiurisprudenziale in alcuni ordinamenti italiani tra XV e XVIII secolo, in Studi Urbinati, a. LXXXIV-2017, Nuova serie A - N. 68, 1-2, pp. 161-222;
3. (*) V. CRESCENZI, La formazione storica del capitalismo commerciale, in Diritto romano attuale. Storia, metodo, cultura nella scienza giuridica, 9, giugno 2003, pp. 45 – 93.
4. (*) M. MORELLO, L’organizzazione del lavoro nelle botteghe artigiane tra XIII e XV secolo. Il contratto di apprendistato, in Historia et ius, 10/2016, paper 9, pp. 1-32.

(*) Texts marked with an asterisk can be found directly within the Moodle platform blended.uniurb.it

Assessment

Oral exam.

The expected learning results will be evaluated by means of an oral exam, based on three questions or more. The evaluation criteria and the scale of marks are as follows:

less than 18/30: competence level insufficient. The student doesn’t reach the learning results described in “knowledge and understanding”.

18-20/30: competence level sufficient. In particular, the student attains the learning results described in “knowledge and understanding”.

21-23/30: fully sufficient level of competence. The candidate achieves, in particular, the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding" and "applied knowledge and understanding skills";

24-26/30: skill level: good. The candidate achieves, in particular, the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding"; "applied knowledge and comprehension" and "autonomy of judgment";

27-29/30: Very good skill level. The candidate achieves, in particular, the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding"; "applied knowledge and understanding skills"; "autonomy of judgment" and "communication skills";

30-30 and praise: excellent skill level. The candidate fully achieves the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding"; "applied knowledge and understanding skills"; "autonomy of judgment"; "communication skills" and "ability to learn."

The program for any credit integrations should be agreed directly with the teacher.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Teaching

Lectures

Attendance

NO

Course books

A – General part

AA.VV., Tempi del diritto. Età medievale, moderna, contemporanea, Giappichelli Editore, Seconda edizione, Torino 2018.

B – Special Part

1. (*) M. MORELLO, Etica del cittadino e obbligo tributario. La dottrina della giusta contribuzione da Tommaso d’Aquino alle prime costituzioni moderne, in Historia et ius – 17/2020, paper 12, pp. 1-41.

2. (*) M. MORELLO, Il problema delle citazioni nella crisi del diritto comune. Interventi a carattere antigiurisprudenziale in alcuni ordinamenti italiani tra XV e XVIII secolo, in Studi Urbinati, a. LXXXIV-2017, Nuova serie A - N. 68, 1-2, pp. 161-222;

3. (*) V. CRESCENZI, La formazione storica del capitalismo commerciale, in Diritto romano attuale. Storia, metodo, cultura nella scienza giuridica, 9, giugno 2003, pp. 45 – 93.

4. (*) M. MORELLO, L’organizzazione del lavoro nelle botteghe artigiane tra XIII e XV secolo. Il contratto di apprendistato, in Historia et ius, 10/2016, paper 9, pp. 1-32.

 (*) Texts marked with an asterisk can be found directly within the Moodle platform blended.uniurb.it

Assessment

Oral exam.

The expected learning results will be evaluated by means of an oral exam, based on three questions or more. The evaluation criteria and the scale of marks are as follows:

less than 18/30: competence level insufficient. The student doesn’t reach the learning results described in “knowledge and understanding”.

18-20/30: competence level sufficient. In particular, the student attains the learning results described in “knowledge and understanding”.

21-23/30: fully sufficient level of competence. The candidate achieves, in particular, the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding" and "applied knowledge and understanding skills";

24-26/30: skill level: good. The candidate achieves, in particular, the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding"; "applied knowledge and comprehension" and "autonomy of judgment";

27-29/30: Very good skill level. The candidate achieves, in particular, the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding"; "applied knowledge and understanding skills"; "autonomy of judgment" and "communication skills";

30-30 and praise: excellent skill level. The candidate fully achieves the expected learning results at the points "knowledge and capacity for understanding"; "applied knowledge and understanding skills"; "autonomy of judgment"; "communication skills" and "ability to learn."

The program for any credit integrations should be agreed directly with the teacher.

Notes

Any additions to the program must be agreed with the teacher.

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