Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


A.Y. Credits
2020/2021 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Umberto Giostra every day, by appointment
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Environmental Geology and Land Management (LM-74)
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course aims to provide students with the basics of the planet's climate processes.

In particular, the topics that have the greatest environmental impact will be dealt with. At the end of the course, the student should have acquired the fundamental elements of the structure of the atmosphere and atmospheric dynamics, the tools for evaluating the energy balance of the planet, for understanding the main mechanisms of the water cycle. The student must also be able to know the limits, at the present state of knowledge, of our ability to simulate and predict the meteorological and climatological evolution of the atmosphere.


Electromagnetic spectrum.

Black body theory. Applications to the energy balance of the planet. Latitudinal imbalance and circulation on a planetary scale.

Adjective derivative and total derivative. The Navier Stokes equations. Potential and limits. Problems of closing the equations.

Planetary scale. Rossby waves. Periodic phenomena: NAO and El Nino. Synoptic scale. Scale analysis. Geostrophic equilibrium and hydrostatic equilibrium. Atmospheric boundary layer. Characteristics of the continental and marine boundary layer. Reynolds equations. Turbulent flows. Stable, unstable, neutral atmosphere. Closing problems. The Ekman spiral. The secondary circulation.

Atmospheric dispersion. Notes on Gaussian, Eulerian and Lagrangian models.

Condensation processes. Homogeneous nucleation. Gibbs free energy. Atmospheric aerosol. Heterogeneous nucleation.

Matter-electromagnetic radiation interaction. Extinction of electromagnetic radiation in a medium and main laws. Rayleigh and Mie scattering.

Observations from satellite. Satellites in polar and geostationary orbit. Observations in the visible, infrared and microwaves.

Passive and active observation in microwaves. What is measurable using different frequencies. Application examples.

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge and understanding:

the student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the issues proposed in the course, based on what they have learned in their school career and on the specific information provided in the course.

Ability to apply knowledge and understanding:

the student will have to demonstrate the ability to apply the acquired knowledge to case studies specifically referring to the problems of environmental management

Autonomy of judgment:

the student must be able to carry out independent investigations on the proposed topics

Communication skills:

the student must be able to present their knowledge clearly and comprehensively during a final dissertation

Learning ability:

the student must be able to process the information acquired during the course independently, also with appropriate in-depth analysis

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

Didactic material prepared by the teacher.

Any textbooks to support the lessons will be recommended on the basis of the teacher's needs and interests.

Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment


Frontal lessons


Attendance is highly recommended

Course books

Didactic material prepared by the teacher.

Any textbooks to support the lessons will be recommended on the basis of the teacher's needs and interests.


Oral examination

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Course books

Didactic material prepared by the teacher.

Any textbooks to support the lessons will be recommended on the basis of the teacher's needs and interests.


Esame orale

« back Last update: 01/04/2021


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Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo
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