Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


GENERAL PATHOLOGY AND MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
PATOLOGIA GENERALE E TERMINOLOGIA MEDICA

A.Y. Credits
2020/2021 8
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Maria Cristina Albertini The teacher receives students at the end of each lesson or, by appointment via e-mail, on Thursday from 10.00 to 12.00.
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English French
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Biological Sciences (L-13)
Curriculum: SANITARIO MOLECOLARE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course aims to provide knowledge on the pathogenetic mechanisms of diseases. The student will also be able to acquire knowledge on the naming of diseases and medical terminology.

Specifically, the aim of the course is to provide students with knowledge of the pathogenetic mechanisms of the main causes of disease:

1- Exogenous and endogenous causes that determine cellular and tissue damage

2- Cellular and tissue mechanisms responsible for the development of diseases

3- Processes of adaptation to harmful insults through the response of the immune system (inflammation and repair of damage)

4- Carcinogenesis

5- Genetic diseases

6- Cardiovascular disorders.

Program

1. Cell injury, cell death and adaptations: cellular responses to stress and noxious stimuli, hypetrophy, hyperplasia, atrophy, metaplasia, necrosis/apoptosis/autophagy.

2. Inflammation and tissue repair: acute and chronic inflammation, inflammation outcomes, systemic effects of inflammation.

3. Renovation, regeneration and tissue repair: tissue proliferation and homeostasis, cell cycle, tissue regeneration, extracellular matrix, healing for repair, healing and fibrosis.

4. Hemodynamic disorders, thromboembolism and shock: edema, haemostasis and thrombosis, infarction, shock.

5. Diseases of the immune system: innate and adaptive immunity, hypersensitivity and autoimmune diseases, immunodeficiency, amyloidosis.

6. Neoplasia: nomenclature, benign/malignant neoplasia, epidemiology, molecular basis of cancer and carcinogenesis, tumor immunity, clinical aspects.

7. Genetic diseases: Mendelian disorders, multigenic disorders, cytogenetic disorders.

8. Environmental and Nutritional diseases: health effects of climate change, toxicity of chemical and physical agents, nutritional diseases.

9. Blood vessels: structure and function of blood vessels, blood pressure regulation, hypertensive vascular disease, atherosclerosis.

10. Diabetes Mellitus.

11. Heart

12. Endocrine system.

Bridging Courses

Biochemistry.

Physiology is adviced.

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

D1- KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

The students have to demonstrate that they have acquired the knowledge regarding the mechanisms responsible for the development of human diseases: the causes of cell/tissue damage and death; fundamental pathogenetic mechanisms associated with immunity, inflammation and carcinogenesis; inheritance of genetic pathologies. These skills will be assessed through the final exam.

D2-APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

The student should be able to use the principles of general pathology to understand the pathogenetic mechanisms. In particular, he/she will have to use these principles during his profession in the health sector or in experimental research. These skills will be assessed through the final exam.

D3-MAKING JUDGEMENTS

The students have to acquire knowledge such as to allow the recognition of the mechanisms responsible for the development of a disease and to identify specific pathological conditions with application in the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of diseases. These skills will be tested both with the written test and through targeted oral questions. These skills will be assessed through the final exam.

D4-COMMUNICATION SKILLS

The student must be able to describe the principles and concepts learned during the course expressing themselves clearly, with appropriate terms and with appropriate examples. This ability will be assessed during the oral examination.

D5-LIFELONG LEARNING SKILLS

The students should be able to construct his/her scientific lifelong learning skills in a critical and autonomous way, being able to properly use the teaching material provided by the teacher and the in-depth own material. These skills, as far as possible, will be stimulated by the teacher by proposing insights which will then be explained and discussed during the lessons.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

Supporting activities are not provided.


Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Didactics

Lectures.

Course books

The topics listed in the syllabus can be studied in one of the following books:

- Robbins Basic pathology, Kumar V., Abbas A.K., Fausto N., Aster J.C., Masson (Ninth Edition).

- Rubin R., Strayer D.S., Patologia generale (Patologia d'organo e molecolare), PICCIN.
- Majno G., Joris I., Cellule, tessuti e malattia, principi di patologia generale, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
- Pontieri G.M., Russo M.A., Frati L. Patologia generale (Tomo I eII), Piccin Editore

Book to consult:

- Strayer D.S., Rubin E., Patologia generale - Anatomia patologica, PICCIN (II edizione).

Assessment

The assessment, which has the purpose of ascertaining the acquisition of the knowledge and skills expected, takes place through the final exam only, which consists of a written test and an oral test.

The written test consists in solving a multiple-choice test as it intends to evaluate the basic knowledge related to the main mechanisms responsible for the development of pathologies. The evaluation of the written test is formulated by a positive result if the mark is sufficient. The duration of the written test is 2 hours.

The final assessment, which takes into account the results of the written and oral tests, is given out of thirty and reflects the overall evaluation of the candidate.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Course books

The topics listed in the syllabus can be studied in one of the following books:

- Robbins Basic pathology, Kumar V., Abbas A.K., Fausto N., Aster J.C., Masson (Ninth Edition).

- Rubin R., Strayer D.S., Patologia generale (Patologia d'organo e molecolare), PICCIN.
- Majno G., Joris I., Cellule, tessuti e malattia, principi di patologia generale, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
- Pontieri G.M., Russo M.A., Frati L. Patologia generale (Tomo I e II), Piccin Editore.

Book to consult:

- Strayer D.S., Rubin E., Patologia generale - Anatomia patologica, PICCIN (II edizione).

Assessment

The assessment, which has the purpose of ascertaining the acquisition of the knowledge and skills expected, takes place through the final exam only, which consists of a written test and an oral test.

The written test consists in solving a multiple-choice test as it intends to evaluate the basic knowledge related to the main mechanisms responsible for the development of pathologies. The evaluation of the written test is formulated by a positive result if the mark is sufficient. The duration of the written test is 2 hours.

The final assessment, which takes into account the results of the written and oral tests, is given out of thirty and reflects the overall evaluation of the candidate.

« back Last update: 09/09/2021

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