Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


DISORDERS OF BODY PATTERN AND MOTOR PLANNING
DISTURBI DELLO SCHEMA CORPOREO E DELLA PIANIFICAZIONE MOTORIA

A.Y. Credits
2021/2022 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Michela Sarlo Online, on Fridays 3:00-5:00 pm - Prior e-mail contact required (michela.sarlo@uniurb.it)
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Physical Education for Health and Prevention (LM-67)
Curriculum: PERCORSO COMUNE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course aims to convey the concepts required to understand the neurophysiological basis of the human ability to control the body and plan the movements. The basic notions will regard the dyad body schema – body image (the Sense of Self, the Sense of Bodily Ownership, the Peripersonal Space), and the role of action representations in motor cognition (including action planning, motor imagery, and action understanding during social interaction). These basic principles will be crucial to explore the role of the plasticity of body and motor representations in neurological and neuropsychological disorders.

Program

1. Taxonomy of body representations

1.1. Body Schema. 1.2. Body Image. 1.3. The multisensory nature of body representations and the Bodily Self. 1.4 Personal and Peripersonal Space. 1.5. Sense of Ownership and Sense of Agency.

2. Disorders of body representations

2.1 Peripheral deafferentation. 2.2. Phantom Limbs and Mirror Therapy. 2.3. Alien hand syndrome, Autotopoagnosia and Digital Agnosia. 2.4. Neglect, Somatoparaphrenia, Anosognosia for hemiplegia, E+ patients. 2.5. Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID). 2.6. Alterations of body representations in Schizophrenia and in eating disorders.

3. Motor representations

3.1. Predictions in motor control. 3.2. The visuo-motor neural networks. 3.3. Motor Cognition: motor planning, motor imagery and action observation. 3.4. The impact of experience on motor representations (along the life-span, in athletes and in the case of peripheral limitation).

4. Disorders of motor planning

4.1. Apraxia. 4.2. Basal ganglia and Hypokinetic Disorders (Parkinson Disease). 4.3. Hyperkinetic Disorders (Dystonia, Huntington disease, Tourette syndrome). 4.4. Cerebellum and Cerebellar Syndrome. 4.5. The role of prefrontal regions.

5. Implications for motor rehabilitation

5.5. Neurorehabilitation and neural plasticity. 5.2. Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) e Mirror Therapy. 5.3. Motor Imagery Practice (MIP). 5.4. Action Observation Therapy (AOT).

Bridging Courses

None. This course yet requires a basic understanding of the concepts discussed in the course of Neurophysiology.

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate to have acquired the necessary knowledge about the neurophysiological basis of the body representations, the motor planning and, of the primary motor hypo- and hyperkinetic disorders.

Applying knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate possession of the ability to use neurophysiological knowledge to describe the body representations for the sake of motor planning.

Making judgments: The student will have acquired the essential ability to judge the need for the neuropsychological assessment of specific motor disorders discussed during the course.

Communication skills: The student must acquire the ability to use specific terminology in the field of neurophysiology in his/her communication.

Learning Skills: The student will have acquired the essential ability to read reports and descriptions of the neuroscientific aspects of the dyadic interaction between body schema and body image, as well as, of the motor planning and, of the primary motor hypo- and hyperkinetic disorders.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

Supplementary seminars will be held focusing on specific topics.


Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Teaching

The course will include frontal lectures, seminars, presentation and discussion of clinical cases that will deepen course topics, video-clip projections, participation activities using online instruments.

Course books

Book chapters:

- E.R. Kandel, J.H. Schwartz, T.M. Jessell, S.A. Siegelbaum, A.J. Hudspeth, Principi di neuroscienze, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, IV edizione italiana, 2014. Chapters 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 37 (review); Chapters 33, 38 e 43.

- Vallar G. & Papagno C. (a cura di). Manuale di neuropsicologia. Clinica ed elementi di riabilitazione. 3a edizione, Il Mulino, Bologna, 2018. Chapter 1 "Introduzione alla neuropsicologia" by Vallar G.; Chapter 9 " I disturbi della programmazione motoria: le aprassie" by Rumiati R.; Chapter 11 "I disturbi della rappresentazione del corpo", by Maravita A.

- Ferrari P.F. & Rizzolatti G. (a cura di). New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research, Oxford University Press, 2015. Chapter 6 "Neural underpinnings of anticipatory action simulation and perception in expert brains", by Sacheli L.M., Aglioti S.M., Candidi M.

Papers published on scientific journals:

- Buccino, G. (2014). Action observation treatment: a novel tool in neurorehabilitation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 369, 20130185.
- Costello, M. C., & Bloesch, E. K. (2017). Are older adults less embodied? A review of age effects through the lens of embodied cognition. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 267.
- Mulder, T. (2007). Motor imagery and action observation: cognitive tools for rehabilitation. Journal of Neural Transmission, 114, 1265-1278.

The lecture slides, which will be available on the Moodle course platform (Blended Learning Uniurb), are part of the study material.

Assessment

The assessment will take place through an oral interview. During the interview, one or more topics will be explored. The evaluation will be based on the following elements: (i) knowledge of the topic; (ii) the ability to organize a speech using appropriate, discipline-specific vocabulary; (iii) the background knowledge regarding the neuroanatomy; (iv) the ability to use the knowledge acquired to discuss complex problems regarding motor planning, and the application pf rehabilitation strategies.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Teaching

Non-attending students are asked to refer to the instructional material uploaded on the Moodle course platform (lecture slides, videos, exercises, etc.), through which they can integrate the study of the textbook recommended in the “Course books” section.

Course books

Book chapters:

- E.R. Kandel, J.H. Schwartz, T.M. Jessell, S.A. Siegelbaum, A.J. Hudspeth, Principi di neuroscienze, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, IV edizione italiana, 2014. Chapters 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 37 (review); Chapters 33, 38 e 43.

- Vallar G. & Papagno C. (a cura di). Manuale di neuropsicologia. Clinica ed elementi di riabilitazione. 3a edizione, Il Mulino, Bologna, 2018. Chapter 1 "Introduzione alla neuropsicologia" by Vallar G.; Chapter 9 " I disturbi della programmazione motoria: le aprassie" by Rumiati R.; Chapter 11 "I disturbi della rappresentazione del corpo", by Maravita A.

- Ferrari P.F. & Rizzolatti G. (a cura di). New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research, Oxford University Press, 2015. Chapter 6 "Neural underpinnings of anticipatory action simulation and perception in expert brains", by Sacheli L.M., Aglioti S.M., Candidi M.

Papers published on scientific journals:

- Buccino, G. (2014). Action observation treatment: a novel tool in neurorehabilitation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 369, 20130185.
- Costello, M. C., & Bloesch, E. K. (2017). Are older adults less embodied? A review of age effects through the lens of embodied cognition. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 267.
- Mulder, T. (2007). Motor imagery and action observation: cognitive tools for rehabilitation. Journal of Neural Transmission, 114, 1265-1278.

The lecture slides, which will be available on the Moodle course platform (Blended Learning Uniurb), are part of the study material.

Non-attending students might also refer to the following book chapters: Denes G., Pizzamiglio L. et al. (a cura di) Manuale di Neuropsicologia. Normalità e patologia dei processi cognitivi, Bologna: Zanichelli, 2019. Chapter 23 "Le aprassie" by Rumiati R., et al.; Chapter 28 "Disturbi della cognizione corporea" by Pizzamiglio L., et al.; Chapter 29 "Consapevolezza corporea: normalità e patologia", by Berti A.M., et al.

Assessment

The assessment will take place through an oral interview. During the interview, one or more topics will be explored. The evaluation will be based on the following elements: (i) knowledge of the topic; (ii) the ability to organize a speech using appropriate, discipline-specific vocabulary; (iii) the background knowledge regarding the neuroanatomy; (iv) the ability to use the knowledge acquired to discuss complex problems regarding motor planning, and the application pf rehabilitation strategies.

Notes

Foreign students can contact the lecturer to get information on the course material in English. Moreover, they can take the exam in English upon request, by sending an e-mail at least one week before the date of the exam.

Some optional (nonmandatory) scientific papers (in English) will be available on the Moodle course platform during the course.

« back Last update: 29/04/2022

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