Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


CHEMISTRY AND PROPAEDEUTICS TO BIOCHEMISTRY
CHIMICA E PROPEDEUTICA BIOCHIMICA

A.Y. Credits
2021/2022 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Giosuè Annibalini From Monday to Friday after appointment by mail (giosue.annibalini@uniurb.it) or at the end of the lessons
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Sport, Health and Physical Exercise (L-22)
Curriculum: PERCORSO COMUNE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course is finalized to give to students fundamental notions of chemistry essential to deal properly the study of biological, anatomical, physiological and biochemical aspects of movement and of physical exercise adaptation. Chemical concepts are proposed in a logical order, starting from atoms to molecules, and going on with solutions, acids and bases and redox reactions, with several links to everyday experience. Basic information of organic chemistry aimed to comprehension of macromolecule structures and functions are given.

Program

Atom and periodic table Subatomic particles- the modern atomic theory - The orbital model and quantic numbers - Energy and filling of the orbitals- Electronic structure of elements (with exercises) - Atomic number and mass number- atomic mass and atomic weight - Ions - Isotops - Radioactivity - Periodic table - Periodic properties of elements.

From atoms to molecules The chemical bond - Energy of bond - The octect rule and its limitations - Covalent bond - Molecule structure and Lewis formulae - Hybrid orbitals - Ionic bond - Metallic bond - Electronegativity and bonds - Molecule geometry - Resonance - Intermolecular forces - Isomerism.

Compounds, chemical reactions and stechiometry  Chemical property periodicity - Hydrides and oxides - Oxidation state - What is a chemical equation - Stoichiometric coefficients and reaction balancing (with exercises) - Different types of chemical reactions - Redox reactions - Molecular weight - Mole concept - Stoichiometry (with exercises).

Energy and bioenergetic Energy concept and implications on living organisms -  Enthalphy, entropy and free energy of Gibbs - Chemical kinetics - Activation energy of reaction - catalysis - Chemical equilibrium - Le Chatelier  principle - Metabolism

Solutions Water properties - Solute and solvent - Properties of solutions - Calculation of the concentration of the solutions (with exercises) - The factors that influence the solubility - The osmotic pressure.

Acids, bases and salts The concept of acids and bases - The acid-base theories - The strength of acids and bases - Acid-base reactions and salt formation.

PH and buffer solutions The dissociation of water - The concept of pH and pK - Introduction to the calculation of the pH - Titration curves - Buffer solutions - Physiological buffer systems.

Organic chemistry The carbon as a central element of life - The organic molecules and the functional groups: alkanes and cycloalkanes, alkenes and alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, ethers, amines, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives.

Carbohydrates General aspects and classification - The monosaccharides - Cyclization and anomeric structures- oligosaccharides and polysaccharides - The glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans.

Lipids General aspects and classification - Fatty acids - Phosphoglycerides and sphingolipids - Terpenes and steroids - The fat-soluble vitamins - Prostaglandins.

Amino acids and proteins Amino acids - Structural levels of proteins - The peptide bond - Importance of biological proteins - Enzymes are proteins.

Nucleotides and nucleic acids Nucleotides - DNA and its structure - RNA.

Bridging Courses

No special prerequisites required

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge and understanding . Students  must be able to describe, with adequate chemical terminology, the properties of matter, from atom to chemical bond and  material composition. They  should also master  the concepts of oxidation reduction, pH, acids and bases, solutions, with particular attention to energy and bioenergetics. They also have to know the structure and function of macromolecules.

Applyng knowledge and understanding  Student should be able to solve exercises on the electronic configuration of the elements, to be able to draw the structure of a molecule, balance a reaction, and calculate the concentration of solutions. Students should also apply the acquired concepts of general chemistry in describing the characteristics and functions of macromolecules.

Making judgements The student should be able to critically evaluate the characteristics of each molecule and apply the concepts learned in daily life and the functioning of a biological organism

Communicative skills The student must be able to express his / her knowledge of chemistry and propedeutics to biochemistry using appropriate chemical language terms..

Learning skills Students should deepen his / her knowledge in a critical manner. In this regard, the teacher will provide, in addition to the information on the texts and didactic material, indications for finding other material for study and exercises useful for the construction of an autonomous way.

Expected results will be verified by written and oral tests

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

none


Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Didactics

Frontal lessons

Attendance

There are no frequency obligations

Course books

Tiziana Bellini - Chimica medica e propedeutica biochimica - Zanichelli

Students who have the text adopted in previous years can continue to use it (Stefani Taddei - Chemistry, biochemistry and applied biology - Zanichelli - current edition)

Students can also use high school texts for study

Slides and other teaching materials are available on the moodle-blended learning platform

Assessment

The assessment involves a written and an oral test, with a rating of thirty.

The written exam will assess the knowledge and understanding, the applying knowledge and understanding and the learning skill of the student. The test involves the following parts:

Exercise on electronic configuration 2/30

Exercise on Lewis structures 2/30

Exercise on balancing a an equation of a chemical reaction 2/30

Exercise on concentration of solutions 2/30

Structure of a macromolecule 2/30

5 Multiple choice questions 1/30 each

3 open-ended questions  up to 5/30 each.

The oral examination, which is taken  after passing the written test, will evaluate knowledge and ability in making judgment and in communicating. In addition to being able to express the theoretical concepts outlined in the lesson, the student must demonstrate full comprehension through appropriate examples and applications to biology and everyday life. The oral test will provide a final vote that will take into account the written test

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Didactics

It is suggested to contact the teacher. The program and teaching materials are the same for both attending and non attending students

Attendance

There are no frequency obligations

Course books

Tiziana Bellini - Chimica medica e propedeutica biochimica - Zanichelli

Students who have the text adopted in previous years can continue to use it (Stefani Taddei - Chemistry, biochemistry and applied biology - Zanichelli - current edition)

Students can also use high school texts for study

Slides and other teaching materials are available on the moodle-blended learning platform

Assessment

The assessment involves a written and an oral test, with a rating of thirty.

The written exam will assess the knowledge and understanding, the applying knowledge and understanding and the learning skill of the student. The test involves the following parts:

Exercise on electronic configuration 2/30

Exercise on Lewis structures 2/30

Exercise on balancing a an equation of a chemical reaction 2/30

Exercise on concentration of solutions 2/30

Structure of a macromolecule 2/30

5 Multiple choice questions 1/30 each

3 open-ended questions  up to 5/30 each.

The oral examination, which is taken  after passing the written test, will evaluate knowledge and ability in making judgment and in communicating. In addition to being able to express the theoretical concepts outlined in the lesson, the student must demonstrate full comprehension through appropriate examples and applications to biology and everyday life. The oral test will provide a final vote that will take into account the written test

« back Last update: 05/07/2021

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