HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA
Soul, body, brain: Plato and Aristotle at the origin of modern science
Anima, corpo, cervello: Platone e Aristotele alle origini della scienza moderna
|Lecturer||Office hours for students|
|Raffaella Santi||Second Semester: by email appoitment, Polo "Volponi", via Saffi 15 (office of the Lecturers in English).|
Assigned to the Degree Course
Institutional course: to know, to understand and to be able to analyze the concepts and theories of the History of philosophy of science, also in comparative and inerdisciplinary perspectives; Specialized course: to acquire a full awareness of the ways of genealogy and development of scientific thought in classical antiquity; to know, to understand and to critically compare various scientific theories of the Ancients and to recognize the differences with those of the Moderns.
This course (taught in Italian) is divided into two: an institutional course, in which are analyzed the main theoretic approches in the History of philosophy of science (ancient and modern); and a specialized course, in which focused on the analysis of some ancient texts by Plato and Aristotle - in particular, the Timaeus and the De anima . Syllabus: Introduction to the course. A. Institutional course: 1. The birth of scientific thought in ancient Greece; 2. The “forgotten” scientific devolution in the Hellenistic age; 3. The question of the universals in the Medieval age; 4. Bacon, Galileo and the method of science; 5. The triumph of mechanism: Descartes and Hobbes. B. Specialized course: 6. Plato and knowledge; 7. Plato and the physics as “probable narration”; 8. Plato and human nature; 9. Plato’s analysis of folly; 10. Other illness of the body and of the soul for Plato; 11. Aristotle: categories e syllogisms; 12. Soul and body for Aristotle; 13. Human passions and the Aristotelian rhetoric; 14. Aristotle and the brain; 15. The bain and the heart: Galen’s theory.
Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)
With regard to the History of philosophy of science, students must show: that they know the contents of the discipine at a specialized lever, that they understand its advanced concepts and that they know how to use its patterns of knowledge and concepts, in order to reason in an authonomous manner on the problems inherent to the discipline itself.
The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it
Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment
Lectures and seminars.
It's not compulsory.
- Course books
1. David Oldroyd, Storia della filosofia della scienza. Da Platone a Popper, Net, Milano 2002: solo le prime cento pagine (pp. 100).2. Platone, Timeo, a cura di Giovanni Reale, Bompiani, Milano 2016 (VI edizione o edizioni precedenti; da scorporare il testo greco: pagine effettive da studiare n. 145).3. Aristotele, L’anima, a cura di Giancarlo Movia, Bompiani, Milano 2015 (VII edizione o edizioni precedenti; da scorporare il testo greco: pagine effettive da studiare n. 150).4. Tullio Manzoni, Aristotele e il cervello. Le teorie del più grande biologo dell’antichità nella storia del pensiero scientifico, Carocci, Roma 2007 (pp. 239).
Additional Information for Non-Attending Students
Didactic materials available on the Moodle platform (see above).
It's not compulsory.
- Course books
The same indicated above.
Please note that this course is taught in Italian. However, for the esam, international students are free to choose their preferred language: Italian, English or French.
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