PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACOGNOSY
FARMACOLOGIA E FARMACOGNOSIA
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Course with optional materials in a foreign language
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.
Assigned to the Degree Course
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To provide the basic "Know-How" for the correct use of synthetic drugs as well as drugs derived from medicinal plants. In view of the extreme variety of the molecules of natural origin, the course analyzes herbal drugs and the active constituents that define their pharmacological activity. Particular attention is paid to the structure-activity relationships and to the biogenesis of the active constituents in the medicinal plant.
Pharmacology, therapeutic applications and safety of herbal drugs and related active constituents are discussed.
The course will give information on the farmacokinetic and farmacodynamic mechanisms that are at the base of the therapeutic action of the drugs.
Crossing of biological membranes, routes of drug administration, drug absorption and distribution.
Principles of drug metabolism and elimination.
Basic principles of pharmacokinetic and drug interactions.
Proteins as targets for drugs: enzymes, ionic channels, receptors.
Study of drug-receptor interactions.
Signal transduction mechanisms related to action of drugs.
Protein phosphorylation and regulation of biological responses; kinases and phosphatases.
Pharmacokinetic in perinatal period and aging.
From natural products to drugs, plant organs, the active principles, the Pharmacopoeias.
Preparation of botanical drugs, plant extracts, standardization and quality control.
Factors that contribute to content variability of active principles; endogenous and exogenous factors (climate, "terroir", environmental factors, collection, harvesting and storage; genetic and non-genetic factors).
Biotechnology applied to medicinal plants. Biogenesis of active constituents of herbal drugs.
Natural products and herbal drugs used in pharmacy and medicine
Carbohydrates (simple and complex); Lipids of dietetic and pharmacological relevance.
Phenols (simple phenols, phenylpropanes, flavonoids, tannins, anthraquinones).
Terpenes (mono-, di-, and sesquiterpenes), triterpenes and steroids.
Alcaloids (piperidines, tropanes, quinolines, isoquinolines, aporphines, tropolones, indoles, purines)
It is highly suggested to previously pass the following exams: Biochemistry Plant Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany and Microbiology.
Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)
At the end of the course, students should have knowledge of pharmacokinetic properties and the correct use of synthetic drugs as well as drugs extracts derived from medicinal plants.
The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it
Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment
- Course books
F. Clementi, G. Fumagalli. Farmacologia generale e Molecolare. UTET 2012.
F. Capasso. Farmacognosia. Seconda edizione. SPRINGER 2012.
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