Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


SPECIAL NEEDS PEDAGOGY
PEDAGOGIA SPECIALE

A.Y. Credits
2020/2021 8
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Patrizia Gaspari

Assigned to the Degree Course

Primary teacher education (LM-85bis)
Curriculum: PERCORSO COMUNE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course is aimed at the acquisition of the theoretical and methodological principles of Special Pedagogy interpreted as the science of integration and social and scholastic inclusion of pupils with disabilities and "special educational needs". Here it becomes of particular importance to make a careful critical reflection on the epistemological question of Special Pedagogy, which should be understood as a science of recognition and enhancement of the educational potential of pupils with "special educational needs", overcoming the risks of reductionist and technical perspectives, increasingly hegemonic, of the languages of medicalisation and psychologisation of diversity. Of particular importance is the transition from integrative to inclusive logic. The course aims at mastering the main concepts of diversity, deficit, "handicap", integration, inclusion, individualization, personalization, support, help, starting from the analysis of the categories of disabilities, up to the debate on "special educational needs" and on the current role played by the specialized support teacher in inclusive schools. The knowledge of the theories and good teaching practices concerning the integration and inclusion of pupils with disabilities and with "special educational needs" and of the related project models to be adopted represents an essential element for the exercise of an adequate teaching professionalism. Within the course the attention will focus on the education of pupils with "BES" and on the renewed professional "identikit" of the specialized teacher for the support, called to enrich his theoretical-practical skills in an inclusive perspective, using the founding categories of educational care and help, in view of the collegiality of the interventions.

Program

The course will cover the following topics in the order indicated:

- The epistemology of Special Pedagogy: the epistemological debate.

- Special Pedagogy as a science of integration-inclusion of diversity.

- Old and new models of classification of disability.

- The terminological and semantic problem in Special Pedagogy.

- A new interpretation of disability.

- The founding categories of educational care and help.

- The culture of school and social integration of pupils with disabilities.

- The transition from integration to inclusion of diversity at school.

- Special pedagogy as a pedagogy of inclusion of differences and diversities.

- The concept of "special educational need" according to recent regulations and perspectives.

- Pupils with "special educational needs" and school and social inclusion.

- The quality of school and social inclusion

- The national and international debate on pupils with special educational needs: open issues.

- For a special pedagogy beyond medicalisation

- Special Pedagogy as a science of recognition and appreciation of diversity

- Special Pedagogy as a Science of Educational Care and Helpful Relationship

- Narration, educational care and existential redesign

- Narration as a "cure" against the drifts of "specialism"...

Analytically the course is aimed at the knowledge and understanding of: 

-indicators of quality of school integration

- construction of integration: design models in comparison

- main lines of the ICF bio-psycho-social anthropological model

- design of inclusive good care and help practices

- personalised educational plan for pupils with disabilities (PEI)

- integration, inclusion and life project

- inclusion: theories and design models

- inclusion, customization and didactic individualization

- inclusive school according to the Index and quality indicators

- designing and assessing inclusion: the Personalized Learning Plan (PDP) for pupils with "special educational needs".   

- role and skills of the specialised teacher of support from an inclusive perspective.

- enhancement of the educational competences of the specialised teacher with regard to qualitative and quantitative research methods, in particular, the acquisition of an educational-narrative view of diversity while avoiding the risks of medicalisation

- the specialised support teacher in inclusive school: towards a new professional identity

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Expected results

1.   Knowledge and understanding.

At the end of the course the student will have acquired the:

- knowledge of the main lines of the epistemological debate within Special Pedagogy with particular reference to its constitutive elements (language, problems and methods) and its relationship with other educational sciences;

- ability to identify, define and compare the fundamental characteristics of the theoretical and methodological approaches of Special Pedagogy with particular reference to inclusive school and social processes.

2.   Applying knowledge and understanding.

At the end of the course the student must demonstrate the ability to:

- know and understand the concepts and theories of the course;

- recognize the different theoretical approaches and work conceptually with them;

- analyze the characteristics of some inclusive tools related to the school environment, such as PEI, PDP, PAI interpreted in the light of the explored constructs.

3.   Autonomy of judgement (making judgements).

At the end of the course the student will have to demonstrate the aptitude to:

- to use knowledge and concepts that allow to reason according to the plural and open logic of the discipline;

- identify intervention methodologies suitable for different contexts (ICF logic);

- know how to propose hypotheses of intervention and deal with pedagogical cases related to inclusion.

4.   Communication skills.

At the end of the course the student must have acquired the ability to:

- use the specific vocabulary of the discipline in its meaning of reflection and operational practices in the field;

- know how to communicate with congruent tools faced during the teaching course.

- communicate with the specific disciplinary language with school operators;

5.   Learning skills.

At the end of the course the student will have acquired the ability to:

- analyze and critically evaluate, in their reflexive and epistemological aspects, the constructs of the discipline related to the school environment;

- investigate independently the problems related to the different educational contexts (school and extra-school);

- to find the necessary sources for the development of reflections and projects aimed at an inclusive perspective;

- construct hypotheses of intervention related to pupils with BES.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities


Teaching, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Teaching

Lectures; essays; seminars; debates on specific topics; group work.

Attendance

There is no frequency requirement.

Course books

P. Gaspari, Pedagogia speciale: questioni epistemologiche, Anicia, Roma, 2012. (pp. 141)

P. Gaspari, Insegnante specializzato al bivio. Riflessioni e critiche per un nuovo "identikit" professionale, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 2015. (pp. 193)

P. Gaspari, Cura educativa, relazione d'aiuto come categorie fondative della Pedagogia speciale: inclusione e nuove professionalità educative, Anicia, Roma (in press)

Assessment

The assessment of the learning will be conducted through the administration of an open-ended written test (short essay on three subject areas to be administered at the end of the course) as, in line with the Dublin Descriptors, the objective of the test is mainly to ascertain the ability to

- use knowledge and concepts that allow reflection according to the specific internal logic of the discipline;

- identify and define the main theoretical constructs related to inclusive processes;

- develop some main pedagogical tools;

- demonstrate the ability to construct intervention hypotheses related to people with disabilities and BES.

Monitoring and self-evaluation moments are foreseen in progress

Disabilità e DSA

Le studentesse e gli studenti che hanno registrato la certificazione di disabilità o la certificazione di DSA presso l'Ufficio Inclusione e diritto allo studio, possono chiedere di utilizzare le mappe concettuali (per parole chiave) durante la prova di esame.

A tal fine, è necessario inviare le mappe, due settimane prima dell’appello di esame, alla o al docente del corso, che ne verificherà la coerenza con le indicazioni delle linee guida di ateneo e potrà chiederne la modifica.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Teaching

Not attending students can take advantage of educational materials (articles, essays, diagrams, videos, etc.) registered by the teacher in the Moodle platform, blended.uniurb.it. 

You can contact the teacher by mail and appointment.

Attendance

There is no frequency requirement.

Course books

P. Gaspari, Pedagogia speciale: questioni epistemologiche, Anicia, Roma, 2012. (pp. 141)

P. Gaspari, Insegnante specializzato al bivio. Riflessioni e critiche per un nuovo "identikit" professionale, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 2015. (pp. 193)

P. Gaspari, Cura educativa, relazione d'aiuto come categorie fondative della Pedagogia speciale: inclusione e nuove professionalità educative, Anicia, Roma (in press)

Assessment

The assessment of the learning will be conducted through the administration of an open-ended written test (short essay on three subject areas to be administered at the end of the course) as, in line with the Dublin Descriptors, the objective of the test is mainly to ascertain the ability to

- use knowledge and concepts that allow reflection according to the specific internal logic of the discipline;

- identify and define the main theoretical constructs related to inclusive processes;

- develop some main pedagogical tools;

- demonstrate the ability to construct intervention hypotheses related to people with disabilities and BES.

Monitoring and self-evaluation moments are foreseen in progress.

Disabilità e DSA

Le studentesse e gli studenti che hanno registrato la certificazione di disabilità o la certificazione di DSA presso l'Ufficio Inclusione e diritto allo studio, possono chiedere di utilizzare le mappe concettuali (per parole chiave) durante la prova di esame.

A tal fine, è necessario inviare le mappe, due settimane prima dell’appello di esame, alla o al docente del corso, che ne verificherà la coerenza con le indicazioni delle linee guida di ateneo e potrà chiederne la modifica.

Notes

During the course there will be didactic exercises in small-medium groups of students on the educational-didactic design developed for pupils with disabilities in order to acquire elements of formative evaluation of the level of mastery achieved by the students.

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