Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY ADVANCED COURSE
STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA MODERNA CORSO AVANZATO

Giacomo Leopardi: Operette morali and Zibaldone
Giacomo Leopardi: le Operette morali e lo Zibaldone

A.Y. Credits
2020/2021 6
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Fabio Frosini teacher's office (Palazzo Albani, C floor), Thursday 11-13
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English Spanish French
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Pedagogy (LM-85)
Curriculum: SCIENZE UMANE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The course aims at providing the necessary skills in order to grasp a modern philosophical text. To this purpose, the course provides students with the necessary tools in order to:

- elaborate an appropriate historical-social contextualization of a modern philosophical text;

- identify the prior philosophical streams setting up the framework of a given philosophical work and be confident with the text’s features that make them identifiable (by focusing in particular on the traits of lexical permanence, on the recursion of argumentative methods, on shared philosophical objectives).

- pick out the original features that characterize a single work of modern philosophy within its philosophical tradition;

- be able to grasp the stratified character of a philosophical text and to subsequently, possibly identify its weaknesses;

- identify the weak points of a philosophical text also concerning logical fallacies (e.g. incoherence between assumptions and consequences; begging the question; semantic vagueness);

- identify the possible weaknesses of a philosophical work that are due to the simultaneous presence of divergent and incoherent philosophical traditions within the text (that may also stand beyond the explicit author’s purposes).

Program

Giacomo Leopardi is not only the most relevant Italian thinker between Vico and Antonio Labriola, but he is also one of the most important European philosophers of his time. For a long time he has been considered as a "pure" poet, a poet of "spleen" and "despair". However, today the philosophical nature of his work is widely recognised, thanks to contributions as diverse as those of Luporini, Timpanaro, Negri, Cacciapuoti, Severino, etc.

Leopardi developed his philosophy in two distinct and specific spaces: in the laboratory of the "Zibaldone di pensieri", and in the intervention of the "Operette morali" and "Canti". If in the Zibaldone his philosophy is expressed with complete freedom, protected by the private character of the text, in the Operette and in the Canti, with different expressive modalities, it is proposed and presented to the public. In particular, in the Operette morali it is translated into a proposal for ethical-political, but also aesthetic and religious reform of contemporary society.

To this end, in the Operette Leopardi forges "figures of thought", i.e. images in which the main concepts of his philosophy are condensed and, in a certain sense, ""teatricalised". In the "Operette", therefore, poetry, philosophy and political intervention appear as inextricably merged.

The course will be dedicated to reading the Operette. The lessons will be accompanied by an in-depth seminar, in which a choice of texts from Zibaldone will be studied.

1. A young poet-philosopher in the age of Restoration

2. The “Operette morali”: origin and structure

3. “Satirical Dialogues in the manner of Luciano"

4. Poetry and philosophy, i.e. the assumption of ambivalence

5. The 1827 edition

6. Genealogy of the truth and truth of illusions: the “Storia del genere umano”

7. Luciano's gaze (from “Dialogo d’Ercole e di Atlante” to “Dialogo di un Folletto e di uno Gnomo”)

8. Forms and causes of the unhappiness of mankind (from “Dialogo di Malambruno e di Farfarello” to “Dialogo della Natura e di un Islandese”)

9. Forms of resistance (from “Il Parini, ovvero della gloria” to “Elogio degli Uccelli”)

10. “Cantico del gallo silvestre” and “Dialogo di Timandro e di Eleandro”: from vanitas to pietas.

11. The 1834 edition: “Dialogo di un venditore di almanacchi e di un passeggere” (1832) and “Dialogo di Tristano e di un amico” (1832)

12. The 1835 edition: “Frammento apocrifo di Stratone di Lampsaco” (1825) “Il Copernico. Dialogo” (1827), “Dialogo di Plotino e di Porfirio” (1827).

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

Knowledge and understanding

- Acknowledgment of the importance of the political-social context for the elaboration of philosophical theories of the contemporary age;

- Ability to detect the peculiar features among alternative forms of philosophical argumentation within a shared philosophical, political and cultural tradition.    

 

 Applying knowledge and understanding

- The student will be able to master the essential theoretical and lexical tools in order to gain the ability to autonomously read and interpret a philosophical work of the contemporary age;

- The student will be able to appreciate the important role of a correct socio-historical contextualisation for an adequate understanding of the texts of the contemporary age.      

 

 Making judgements

- The student will develop an appropriate critical ability in order to identify the eventual discrepancies between single philosophical texts and their philosophical tradition;

- The student will develop an autonomous capacity in order to properly evaluate the contradictions and the weak reasoning of a philosophical argumentation.   

 

 Communication skills

- The student will be provided with the necessary skills in order to present to an audience, even not a specialized one, the core issues of a contemporary philosophical text, by focusing in particular on the historical context, on the lexical and argumentative peculiarities within a given philosophical tradition, on the contradictions, weakness and shortcomings from a logical-argumentative point of view.

 Learning skills

- At the end of the course the student will be provided with the necessary tools for an autonomous study of a philosophical text of the contemporary age;

- The student will understand the meaning and importance of the philosophical lexicon, and of extra-philosophical materials, that are essential in order to gain a deep insight of the political-cultural context of a text. This knowledge will allow the student to autonomously approach to the appropriate bibliographical researches.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Didactics

Lectures and seminar (with active participations of the students).

Course books

G. Leopardi, Operette morali, in one of the following editions: Guida, Rizzoli, Garzanti, Feltrinelli (no other editions are allowed). A selection of texts from Zibaldone will be made available by the teacher.

M. Mori, Storia della filosofia moderna, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2007, ch. 14, 15 and 18.

Two texts among the following:

E. Andreoni Fontecedro, Natura di voler matrigna. Saggio sul Leopardi e su natura noverca, Roma ,Kepos, 1993

B. Biral, La posizione storica di Giacomo Leopardi, Torino, Einaudi, 1974

M. Biscuso-F. Gallo, Leopardi antitaliano, con scritti di Girolamo De Liguori e Paolo Zignani, Roma, manifestolibri, 1999

A. Bonadeo, Leopardi e la religione della vita, Roma, Aracne, 2008

F. Cacciapuoti, Dentro lo Zibaldone. Il tempo circolare della scrittura di Leopardi, Roma, Donzelli, 2010

F. D’Intino, L’immagine della voce. Leopardi, Platone e il libro morale, Venezia, Marsilio, 2009

N. Fabio, L’«entusiasmo della ragione». Studio sulle «Operette morali», Firenze, Le Lettere, 1995

C. Luporini, Leopardi progressivo, nuova edizione accresciuta, Roma, Editori Riuniti University Press, 2018

C. Luporini, Decifrare Leopardi, Napoli, Macchiaroli, 1998

A. Negri, Lenta ginestra. Saggio sull'ontologia di Giacomo Leopardi, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2019

G. Polizzi, Leopardi e «le ragioni della verità». Scienze e filosofia della natura negli scritti leopardiani, Roma, Carocci, 2003

A. Prete, Il pensiero poetante. Saggio su Leopardi, Milano, Feltrinelli, 1984

F. Russo, Leopardi politico o della felicità impossibile, Roma, Bulzoni, 1999

S. Timpanaro, Classicismo e illuminismo nell’Ottocento italiano, seconda edizione accresciuta, Firenze, Le Lettere, 2011

A. Vigorelli, La "pazienza" di Giacomo Leopardi. Agire e patire nel sistema dello Zibaldone, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2019

Assessment

The examination consists of an oral exam. Students are required to read and comment on single passages of the two texts. Students are expected to be able to grasp the main theoretical features of the examined passages and to be able to contextualize them within the text, eventually with reference to the secondary literature.

Particular attention is given to oral exposure’s capacity through the proper terminology.

Students are expected to be able to develop a critical approach to the theories they studied. In the evaluation, particular attention will be given to the student’s ability to autonomously reformulate the materials they dealt with and to their ability to make comparisons between the authors they studied.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Didactics

Not attending students will have to study the texts listed under "Course books". To replace the lesson hours (36), not attending students will have to write a short text (between 10,000 and 20,000 characters) based on the study of Mori's book, Storia della filosofia moderna, on one of the following topics:

1) The Encyclopédie: arts et métiers, and a new worldview

2) Religious tolerance and political government: Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu

3) Italian Enlightenment: characteristics and protagonists

4) Philosophy and religion in German Enlightenment: Lessing, Hamann, Jacobi

5) Poetry and philosophy in Hölderlin and Novalis

6) The conception of history and civilisation: Herder, Goethe, Schiller and Humboldt.

The text should be sent to the teacher well in advance of the exam date.

Attendance

Not attending students are required to contact the teacher well in advance of the exam date.

Course books

G. Leopardi, Operette morali, in one of the following editions: Guida, Rizzoli, Garzanti, Feltrinelli (no other editions are allowed).

G. Leopardi, Tutto è nulla. Antologia dello Zibaldone di pensieri, a cura di M .A. Rigoni, Milano, Feltrinelli, 1997.

M. Mori, Storia della filosofia moderna, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2007, ch. 14, 15 and 18.

Two texts among the following:

E. Andreoni Fontecedro, Natura di voler matrigna. Saggio sul Leopardi e su natura noverca, Roma ,Kepos, 1993

B. Biral, La posizione storica di Giacomo Leopardi, Torino, Einaudi, 1974

M. Biscuso-F. Gallo, Leopardi antitaliano, con scritti di Girolamo De Liguori e Paolo Zignani, Roma, manifestolibri, 1999

A. Bonadeo, Leopardi e la religione della vita, Roma, Aracne, 2008

F. Cacciapuoti, Dentro lo Zibaldone. Il tempo circolare della scrittura di Leopardi, Roma, Donzelli, 2010

F. D’Intino, L’immagine della voce. Leopardi, Platone e il libro morale, Venezia, Marsilio, 2009

N. Fabio, L’«entusiasmo della ragione». Studio sulle «Operette morali», Firenze, Le Lettere, 1995

C. Luporini, Leopardi progressivo, nuova edizione accresciuta, Roma, Editori Riuniti University Press, 2018

C. Luporini, Decifrare Leopardi, Napoli, Macchiaroli, 1998

A. Negri, Lenta ginestra. Saggio sull'ontologia di Giacomo Leopardi, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2019

G. Polizzi, Leopardi e «le ragioni della verità». Scienze e filosofia della natura negli scritti leopardiani, Roma, Carocci, 2003

A. Prete, Il pensiero poetante. Saggio su Leopardi, Milano, Feltrinelli, 1984

F. Russo, Leopardi politico o della felicità impossibile, Roma, Bulzoni, 1999

S. Timpanaro, Classicismo e illuminismo nell’Ottocento italiano, seconda edizione accresciuta, Firenze, Le Lettere, 2011

A. Vigorelli, La "pazienza" di Giacomo Leopardi. Agire e patire nel sistema dello Zibaldone, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2019.

Assessment

Oral examination (70% of the vote), and a written paper (30% of the vote).

The examination consists of an oral exam. Students are required to read and comment on single passages of the two texts. Students are expected to be able to grasp the main theoretical features of the examined passages and to be able to contextualize them within the text, eventually with reference to the secondary literature.

Particular attention is given to oral exposure’s capacity through the proper terminology.

Students are expected to be able to develop a critical approach to the theories they studied. In the evaluation, particular attention will be given to the student’s ability to autonomously reformulate the materials they dealt with and to their ability to make comparisons between the authors they studied.

Notes

At the student's request, the course bibliography can also be provided - and the exam taken - in English, Spanish, French and German.

« back Last update: 26/02/2021

Condividi


Questo contenuto ha risposto alla tua domanda?


Il tuo feedback è importante

Raccontaci la tua esperienza e aiutaci a migliorare questa pagina.

Se sei vittima di violenza o stalking chiama il 1522

Il 1522 è un servizio pubblico promosso dalla Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri – Dipartimento per le Pari Opportunità. Il numero, gratuito è attivo 24 h su 24, accoglie con operatrici specializzate le richieste di aiuto e sostegno delle vittime di violenza e stalking.

Posta elettronica certificata

amministrazione@uniurb.legalmail.it

Social

Performance della pagina

Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo
Via Aurelio Saffi, 2 – 61029 Urbino PU – IT
Partita IVA 00448830414 – Codice Fiscale 82002850418
2021 © Tutti i diritti sono riservati

Top