Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo / Portale Web di Ateneo


HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE
STORIA DELL'ARCHITETTURA

A.Y. Credits
2020/2021 9
Lecturer Email Office hours for students
Alessandra Cattaneo It is received at the end of the lessons by appointment. For the request please send an email to: alessandra.cattaneo@uniurb.it
Teaching in foreign languages
Course with optional materials in a foreign language English
This course is entirely taught in Italian. Study materials can be provided in the foreign language and the final exam can be taken in the foreign language.

Assigned to the Degree Course

Conservation and Restauration of Cultural Heritage (LMR/02)
Curriculum: PERCORSO COMUNE
Date Time Classroom / Location
Date Time Classroom / Location

Learning Objectives

The object of the course is the achievement by the student of a good level of knowledge concerning the historical-critical understanding of the stylistic and constructive features of the architecture of every historical period, from Greek classicism to the twentieth century. The course is articulated according to two guidelines: a methodological theoretical approach(ex cathedra lessons) and an application approach, carried out with practical exercises, related to reading through direct observation of some Urbino buildings. It is thus proposed to provide the tools necessary for a correct interpretation of the historical / constructive aspects of the architectural work as a whole and in the parts that make up it. In summary, the most important themes of architectural language in its constructive and expressive aspects (structure, metrology and proportionality analysis, morphology and syntax of architectural language) will be illustrated. A knowledge aimed at the correct application of conservation and restoration operations.

Program

1. Introduction to the study of the history of architecture (4 hours)

  • Methods for proper historical research

2. Ancient wall structures (8 hours)

  • Megalithic structures; polygonal structures
  • Greek structures in square stone. Cutting, machining, installation of blocks; transport and lifting.
  • Roman wall structures: opus quadratum, opus caementicium, opus africanum,opus incertum, opus reticulatum, opus vittatum. Roman bricks ? opus testaceumed opus mixtum.
  • Metrology studies for the history of architecture

3.  Architectural orders  (8 hours)

  • The language of rodersi:  morphology and syntax

4. Greek architecture  (4 hours)

  • Birth and development of the Greek city architecture
  • Civil architecture

5. Roman architecture  (6 hours)

  • The Republican period
  • The imperial period
  • The reading of ancient structures

6. The late antique and early Christian architecture  (2 hours)

  • Characteristics of constructive systems
  • The first Constantinian basilicas

7.  Romanesque architecture (4 hours)

  • Characteristics of constructive systems
  • The great abbeys

 8. The period of Gothic architecture (8 hours)

  • Characteristics of constructive systems
  • Some examples in Italy and Europe

9. The architecture of the fifteenth century  (4 hours)

  • The Renaissance: general characters
  • The Humanistic Age and Renaissance of the Ancient: Filippo Brunelleschi

10.  The architecture of the sixteenth century  (4 hours)

  • The main protagonists: Bramante, Michelangelo, Giulio Romano, Palladio, Vignola
  • Mannerism

 11. The architecture of the seventeenth century  (4 hours)                 

  •  General Baroque characters
  •  The protagonists:Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Francesco Borromini, Pietro da Cortona

12. Neoclassicism  (4 hours)

  • Cultural transformations: neoclassical architecture
  • Neoclassicism in Italy

13. The nineteenth century in Europe  (4 hours)

  • Iron architecture and new spatiality
  • Neomedievalism and E. E. Viollet Le Duc figure
  • English romanticism: W.Morris e J. Ruskin
  • Art Nouveau
  • Eclecticism

14. The 20th century  (8 hours)

  • The myth of prairie: Frank Lloyd Wright
  • W. Gropius and the Bauhaus
  • The modern movement
  • Le Corbusier
  • Mies van de Rohe

 

 

Bridging Courses

None

Learning Achievements (Dublin Descriptors)

The student will be evaluated:

1) on the ability to be able to express a critical independent judgment based on sound scientific bases on the reading of the monuments;

2) the ability to learn and understand the notions of the discipline of the history of architecture in order to make them part of their cultural baggage;

3) the ability to collect, synthesize and interpret scientifically the collected data relating to the study of a monument;

4) the communicative ability to express their thoughts with appropriate terminology;

5 ) the ability to be able to graphically return a critical and direct reading of the monuments.

Teaching Material

The teaching material prepared by the lecturer in addition to recommended textbooks (such as for instance slides, lecture notes, exercises, bibliography) and communications from the lecturer specific to the course can be found inside the Moodle platform › blended.uniurb.it

Supporting Activities

During the course, the teaching material will be distributed electronically .  In addition, bibliographical references will be provided on the specific topics discussed for further details.

Along with the students, any visits to the Urbino monuments will be agreed to jointly verify the acquired knowledge.

The teaching material and the teacher's specific communications can be found, together with other support activities, within the

Moodle platform> blended.uniurb.it


Didactics, Attendance, Course Books and Assessment

Didactics

For a better learning of the constructive and stylistic characters of the monuments analyzed during the theoretical lessons, the attending students will perform graphic exercises during lessons.

In order to pass the exam, it is mandatory for each student to prepare a term paper that will cover the critical historical analysis of a monument, and the choice of the latter will be agreed with the teacher.

The term paper must be delivered in digital format (.pdf and .doc) at least 10 days before the exam.

Attendance

Class attendance is appreciated.

Course books

Reference text:

D. Watkin, Storia dell'architettura occidentale, Zanichelli, Bologna, (or later editions), pp. 3 - 108; pp. 118 - 156; pp. 158 - 167; pp. 170 - 177; pp. 185 - 223; pp. 253 - 288; pp. 375 - 382; pp. 417 - 444; pp. 456 - 463; pp. 488 - 497; pp. 535 - 543; pp. 559 - 578; pp. 602 -609; pp. 620 - 625; pp. 661 - 669.

A. Cattaneo, Tutela, valorizzazione e manutenzione delle "città morte", Tab, Roma, 2020, pp. 192-215; 236-249; 262-302; 312-322; 339-363.

Deepening texts:

A. Bruschi, G. Miarelli Mariani, Lineamenti di storia dell'architettura, Sovera, Roma, 8a edizione 2006

K. Frampton, Storia dell'architettura moderna, Zanichelli, Bologna, 4a edizione, 2008, pp. 2 - 10; pp. 22 - 36; pp. 38 - 48; pp. 56 - 75; pp. 96 - 101; pp. 108 - 127; pp. 136 - 144; pp. 160 - 190; pp. 205 - 222; pp. 237 - 246; pp. 264 - 281.

Further bibliographical references related to the different topics discussed will be suggested during the lessons.

Assessment

The verification of the results achieved by the students will be conducted at the end of the semester through individual examination. After the illustration of the thesis, which will concern the historical-critical analysis of a work of art chosen by the student in agreement with the professor, we will move on to an interview on the topics covered in the lessons and in the basic bibliography.

The evaluation criteria for the thesis are: the ability to know how to apply a method for the study of the work of art; the ability to be able to express a critical judgment. Two thirds of the evaluation out of thirty will be attributed to the thesis.

The evaluation criteria for the oral discussion are: the level of mastery of the topics covered; the degree of articulation of the responses. One third of the evaluation out of thirty will be attributed to the oral discussion.

Additional Information for Non-Attending Students

Didactics

In order to pass the exam, it is mandatory for each student to prepare a term paper that will cover the critical historical analysis of a monument, and the choice of the latter will be agreed with the teacher.

The term paper must be delivered in digital format (.pdf and .doc)  at least 10 days before the exam.

Attendance

Class attendance is appreciated.

Course books

Reference texts:

D. Watkin, Storia dell'architettura occidentale, Zanichelli, Bologna, (or later editions), pp. 3 - 108; pp. 118 - 156; pp. 158 - 167; pp. 170 - 177; pp. 185 - 223; pp. 253 - 288; pp. 375 - 382; pp. 417 - 444; pp. 456 - 463; pp. 488 - 497; pp. 535 - 543; pp. 559 - 578; pp. 602 -609; pp. 620 - 625; pp. 661 - 669.

A. Cattaneo, Tutela, valorizzazione e manutenzione delle "città morte", Tab, Roma, 2020, pp. 192-215; 236-249; 262-302; 312-322; 339-363.

K. Frampton, Storia dell'architettura moderna, Zanichelli, Bologna, 4a edizione, 2008, pp. 2 - 10; pp. 22 - 36; pp. 38 - 48; pp. 56 - 75; pp. 96 - 101; pp. 108 - 127; pp. 136 - 144; pp. 160 - 190; pp. 205 - 222; pp. 237 - 246; pp. 264 - 281.

Deepening texts:

A. Bruschi, G. Miarelli Mariani, Lineamenti di storia dell'architettura, Sovera, Roma, 8a edizione 2006.

Further bibliographical references related to the different topics discussed will be suggested during the lessons.

Assessment

The verification of the results achieved by the students will be conducted at the end of the semester through individual examination. After the illustration of the thesis, which will concern the historical-critical analysis of a work of art chosen by the student in agreement with the professor, we will move on to an interview on the topics covered in the lessons and in the basic bibliography.

The evaluation criteria for the thesis are: the ability to know how to apply a method for the study of the work of art; the ability to be able to express a critical judgment. Two thirds of the evaluation out of thirty will be attributed to the thesis.

The evaluation criteria for the oral discussion are: the level of mastery of the topics covered; the degree of articulation of the responses. One third of the evaluation out of thirty will be attributed to the oral discussion.

Notes

The students will be appreciated who, although are not attending, will carry during examination the practices carried out from the colleagues attending during the course.

The didactic material in order to carry out them can be found within the Moodle platform› blended.uniurb.it

Along with the students eventful visits to useful monuments will be agreed upon to verify the knowledge together.

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